About CCG

CCG is a group of experts of the information support to manufacturing operations to assist:
  • company, supply chain, production, engineering and IT executives to set up their vision, strategy and tactics regarding industrial systems operations and information
  • managers and teams in charge of industrial IT transformation: master planning, IT architecture, organization and governance 

CCG Associates

INDIA
Business Consultant
UNITED STATES
Texas Consultants, Inc.
SME Energy/Refining
FRANCE
Industrial systems consultant
FRANCE
Associate Professor
UNITED KINGDOM
Business Process & Enterprise Architecture
BELGIUM
Business consultant - MES
SWITZERLAND
Principal Consultant

Expertise

Tied to the specific environment of industrial facilities, in close relationship with engineering and business systems, industrial IT is associated with particular problems of management, urbanization, infrastructure choices, and responsibility boundaries. Technical and organisational conflicts are frequents and hardly solved internallly.

 

Our experience and expertise support the adjustments of organization and processes to leverage in house competencies and ensure an efficient governance of industrial IT:

  • Compenetencies assessment
  • Organization schemes
  • Process definition
  • Maturity level approach
  • Obective control
  • Service level definition
  • Identification of relevant business process that involve inter-system communication
  • Involving ERP / MES / SCADA / LIMS / WES / AMS... systems
  • Relevant to Production, Inventory, Quality, Maintenance operations
  • BPMN description of workflows
  • Specification of transactions and messages
  • Implementation of defined messages based on the appropriate ISA95 standard models
  • Definition of a lexique mapping Enterprise taxonomy to ISA95 terminology and concerned systems
  • Customization of B2MML schemas to incorporate enterprise specific data
  • Definition of XML schemas based on UML data structure or any data modelling definition
  • Help for mapping information to the different systems
  • Specific competency on SAP/R3

 

This domain of expertise addresses the challenge of assessing objectively the impact of information technologies on the efficient operation of the enterprise in general, and more specificaly of its production system. It then addresses the implementation of an operational and dynamic planning for continuously adjusting the industrial IT resources (MES) to environement and strategy evolution. It supports the following action types:
  • Consolidate enterprise strategy definition and rodmap
  • Evaluate IT contribution to Enteprise Critical Success Factors
  • Develop KPIs to assess the actual IT efficiency with regards to CSFs
  • Define and implement processes to monitor IT support to strategy
  • Maintain the IT project porfolio, justify project investment with regards to:
    • Effective support to strategy
    • Short and long term benefits
    • Social, environmental and economic
  • Animate a dynamic master planning to supervise IT construction and deployement
  • Articulate the planning on Manufacturing Architecture in its structural and functional dimensions

Manufacturing Execution Systems and Manufacturing Operation Management address the support to manufacturing related operational activities through methods, best practices, and IT support.

This expertise domain covers the 8 ISA95 part 3 activities:

  • Detailed Scheduling
  • Dispatching
  • Execution Management
  • Data collection
  • Analysis
  • Tracking
  • Defintion Management
  • Resource Management

applied to the 4 manufacturing operation categories

  • Production
  • Maintenance
  • Quality
  • Inventory

It concerns the following aspects:

  • Operations visibility, KPIs
  • Operations monitoring and supervision
  • Open loop resource and process optimization
  • Closed loop optimization with feedback to local operator, engineering et R&D (see Manufacturing intelligence)
The information dimensions of the production system are particularly complexe. Managing master/basis and histortical data is a prerequisite for any effort to rationalize and improve physical and operational processes and activities.
Applying normative repositories facilitate the definition of requirements and the implemention of solutions for applications such as :
  • Master Data Management
  • Production Data Collection and historization
  • Traceability and Genealogy
  • Any Manufacturing Operation Management related IT development

This expertise domain relies manly on standards like ISA95 parts 1/2 and ISA88 part 4 addressing

  • Data structures
  • Electronic signature

Optimization of work scheduling and resource usage

  • Classical finite capacity scheduling
  • Drum-Buffer-Rope, theory of constraints based scheduling methodology
ISA88 changed the way of dealing with automation. Our expertise addresses:

  • Agile and flexible control
  • Flow integrity management
  • Process control knowledge management
  • Organisation of application projects in highly parallelized tracks
  • Organisation of the development of an enterprise automation object repository

This brings robust, modular, and hierarchical automation design based on the ISA88 standard, flow analysis method and CCM manufacturing architecture framework.

 

Manufacturing Intelligence facilitate the feedback of actual performance and deviation resulting from the execution of work to assist the decision making

  • in real time by the operator or automation
  • in deferred time by R&D, engineering and maintenance
  •  
It concerns the different aspects of the manufacturing architecture:
  • Usage and performance of resources (human, equipment, material...)
  • Product Quality
  • Performance of physical and operational processes
Modelling is at the heart of complex system mastery. The modelling exercise is not a goal by itself, but rather a step - an ongoing process actually - mandatory to support any improvement approach.
Modelling is thus a prerequisite fot any IT development from planning to realization. A major aspect of manufacturing architecture, this expertise addresses the different dimensions of the production sytstem as defined by CCM:
  • Asset modelling: Products, People, Equipment assets
  • Equipment control
  • Manufacturing processes
  • Company wide transformations & facilities processing capabilities
  • Operation management processes

Definition and implementation of relevant and consistent metrics and dashbords for assessing industrial performance

Support to implementation of operations management methods

  • Process and quality improvement
  • Resourece effectiveness monitoring
  • Business Process Reengineering
  • Enterprise and Supply Chain Metrics and Critical Success Factors
  • Design to performance
  • Design to Compliance/Qualification
  • FDA PAT - Process Analytical Technology
  • Risk management
  • Economical justification
The product is the critical aset of the industrial enterprise. The industiral dynamics depends directly on the efficient management of the product lifecycle, from the market perception to the ability to deliver the customer orders. The production system is involved at the industrialization time (implementation of the product on the industrial system) and for the R&D and engineering feedback (product, process and methods improvement). Some possible actions to improve the product lifecycle:
  • Formal definition of Product requirement by R&D
  • Formal definition of manufacturing capabilities by engineering
  • Industrialisation support, "on the fly" product manufacturing definition

This expertise is based on the ISA88 part 3 standard that defines the basis for consistent product and process knowledge management and relationships to allow translation of product physico-chemical transformation requirements to executable equipment oriented procedures.

Services

Taking appropriate action to induce knowledge and practices to handle efficiently a given part of the CCM Body of Knowledge and associated methods and standards.
This can include:

  • Self learning documentation,
  • In-house training courses,
  • Workshops,
  • Open courses
  • Teaching in schools and universities, 
  • Writing articles, developping papers and reports under specific directions for neutral articles in magazines, promotional report and white papers

CCG Management consultants have developed their own methodologies to enable them to identify problems and serve as the basis for recommendations for more effective or efficient ways of performing business tasks.

Our involvement enables organizations to gain an external advice (a second much needed impartial eye). The scope of our Management Consulting services includes:

  • Helping organizations to improve their performance, primarily through the analysis of existing business problems and development of plans for improvement.
  • Enable organizations to gain "Best Practices" and implement them within the organization
  • Organizational change management assistance
  • Coaching the Managers of the organization of all levels
  • Technology implementation
  • Strategy development
  • Operational improvement services

Projects allow enteprises to enable and  perfom their ongoing transfomation to adapt  themselves to their changing environment.

CCG experts support enterprises in the following:

 Project owner support

  • for scoping, planning, defining technical constraints, and monitor the project execution

Project Management

  • to ensure successful project execution by managing time, resources, budget, and quality. CCG experts apply proven and innovative managerial technics to address the ma,ny challenging conflicts and issues of complex projects.

Assistance to the project execution

  • to study, select and master the appropriate design options and solutions that will fulfil the owner requirement efficiently and cost effectively

Reviewing, evaluating and selected software products

  • Open publications
  • Software vendor internal usage or competition benchmark
  • Industrial company looking for project sourcing of technology roadmap

Helping software vendors to orient their developments by sharing ideas and long term vision based on ongoing technology awareness and highly structured manufacturing architecture framework

Helping the transition process from user requirement and functional specification to actual solution design by:

  • Identifying and mapping software functional capabilities to solution independent functional requirements
  • Providing gap analysis and support to design the technical response to functional requirements

Assessing products, applications and people compliance to the standards such as B2MML, ISA88, ISA95, ISA84/IEC61508/61511...

Helping software editors to identify possible acquisitions or partnerships and to explore the technical aspects of a prospective deal.

User Requirement Collection:

  • Conduct interview with key users
  • Collect and align user requirements on manufacturing architecture
  • Standardize and translate user requirements into functionnal specifications
  • Ensure the independance between functional requirement / definition and technology
  • Develop user autonomy in submitting and updating their requirements and the corresponding specifications

Functional specification adds information support to the production system based on consistent industrial architecture.

Standards & practices

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF) is a reference model to organize the enterprise architecture (EA) and systems architecture into complementary and consistent views.
The DoDAF defines a set of products that act as mechanisms for visualizing, understanding, and assimilating the broad scope and complexities of an architecture description through graphic, tabular, or textual means.
It is especially suited to large systems with complex integration and interoperability challenges, and is apparently unique in its use of "operational views" detailing the external customer's operating domain in which the developing system will operate

Title 21 CFR Part 11 of the Code of Federal Regulations deals with the FDA guidelines on electronic records and electronic signatures in the United States. Part 11, as it is commonly called, defines the criteria under which electronic records and electronic signatures are considered to be trustworthy, reliable and equivalent to paper records.

FEA
The Federal Enterprise Architecture (FEA) is an initiative of the US Office of Management and Budget that aims to comply with the Clinger-Cohen Act and provide a common methodology for information technology (IT) acquisition in the United States federal government. It is designed to ease sharing of information and resources across federal agencies, reduce costs, and improve citizen services.
The FEA is currently a collection of reference models that develop a common taxonomy and ontology for describing IT resources. These include the Performance Reference Model, the Business Reference Model, the Service Component Reference Model, the Data Reference Model and the Technical Reference Model.

(Wikipedia)

The international standard IEC 61508 “Functional safety of electrical / electronic / programmable electronic safety-related systems (E/E/PES)” is intended to be a basic functional safety standard applicable to all kinds of industry. IEC 61508 defines functional safety as: “part of the overall safety relating to the EUC (Equipment Under Control) and the EUC control system which depends on the correct functioning of the E/E/PE safety-related systems, other technology safety-related systems and external risk reduction facilities.”

The standard covers the complete safety life cycle, and may need interpretation to develop sector specific standards. It has its origins in the process control industry sector.

The safety life cycle has 16 phases which roughly can be divided into three groups as follows: phases 1-5 address analysis, phases 6-13 address realisation and phases 14-16 address operation. All phases are concerned with the safety function of the system. The standard has seven parts. Parts 1-3 contain the requirements of the standard (normative), while 4-7 are guidelines and examples for development and thus informative.

Central to the standard are the concepts of risk and safety function. The risk is a function of frequency (or likelihood) of the hazardous event and the event consequence severity. The risk is reduced to a tolerable level by applying safety functions which may consist of E/E/PES and/or other technologies. While other technologies may be employed in reducing the risk, only those safety functions relying on E/E/PES are covered by the detailed requirements of IEC 61508.

The process industry sector includes many types of manufacturing processes, such as refineries, petrochemical, chemical, pharmaceutical, pulp and paper, and power. The process sector standard does not cover nuclear power facilities or nuclear reactors. IEC 61511 covers the application of electrical, electronic and programmable electronic equipment. While IEC 61511 does apply to equipment using pneumatic or hydraulic systems to manipulate final elements, the standard does not cover the design and implementation of pneumatic or hydraulic logic solvers.

This standard defines the functional safety requirements established by IEC 61508 in process industry sector terminology. IEC 61511 focuses attention on one type of instrumented safety system used within the process sector, the Safety Instrumented System (SIS). The standard does not provide requirements for other instrumented safety systems, such as fire and gas systems, safety alarms, or safety controls.
 

ISO/IEC 15504 also known as SPICE (Software Process Improvement and Capability dEtermination) is a "framework for the assessment of processes" developed by the Joint Technical Subcommittee between ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission).

 

This standard is an CEN/ISO NWI that specifies requirements for interoperation both within and between
operational environments of manufacturing enterprises.
It defines an interoperability framework and specifies requirements for processes and underpinning metadata that must be in place to establish solutions to various concerns of interoperability (business, processes, services,
data).
It describes the particular requirements of different types of environments (unified, integrated, and federated).
It focuses on requirements to enable communication rather than defining the communication itself, and is thus independent of specific technologies.
(Martin Zelm and Kurt Kosanke)

The ISO/IEC 15288 is a Systems Engineering standard covering processes and life cycle stages. Initial planning for the ISO/IEC 15288:2002(E) standard started in 1994 when the need for a common Systems Engineering process framework was recognised. The first edition was issued on the 1st of November 2002. In 2004 this standard was adopted as IEEE 15288. ISO/IEC 15288 has been updated 1st of February 2008 and was edited by Stuart Arnold until 2004.
The standard defines processes divided into four categories: technical processes, project processes, agreement processes, and enterprise processes. Each description contains a purpose, outcomes, and activities. Example life cycle stages described in the document are: concept, development, production, utilisation, support, and retirement.
ISO 15288 can be related to a number of existing approaches to systems engineering including INCOSE handbook, ISO 12207, CMMI

(Wikipedia)

This ISO standard addresses data integration, sharing, exchange, and hand-over between computer systems.
Its purpose is to facilitate integration of data to support the lifecycle activities and processes of production facilities by developping a generic data model and reference data library for process plants.
 
It currently (may 2009) includes the following parts:

  • Part 3: Reference data for geometry and topology
    • specifies geometric and topological concepts, enabling the recording of geometric and topological data using ISO 15926-2 and in a way consistent with first order logic.
    • specifies concepts related to mesh topology and functions defined with respect to meshes, enabling the recording of mesh topology data and the representation of property distributions.
  • Part 1: Overview and fundamental principles
    • Introduction, information concerning engineering, construction and operation of production facilities is created, used and modified by many different organizations throughout a facility's lifetime. 
  • Part 2: Data model - Data Model.
    • a generic 4D model that can support all disciplines, supply chain company types and life cycle stages, regarding information about functional requirements, physical solutions, types of objects and individual objects as well as activities.
  • Part 4: Initial reference data
    • defines the initial set of reference data for use with the ISO 15926 and ISO 10303-221 industrial data standards
  • Part 7: Implementation methods for the integration of distributed systems -- Template methodology (draft)
    • defining an implementation architecture that is based on the W3C Recommendations for the Semantic Web.
  • Part 8: Implementation methods for the integration of distributed systems -- OWL representation (draft)
  • Part 9: Implementation methods for the integration of distributed systems -- Facade implementation (draft)
  • Part 10: Implementation methods for the integration of distributed systems -- Abstract test methods (draft)

 

This International Standard is work in progress by the ISO TC 184/SC 5 group.
It is intended to establish guidance regarding KPI and associated metrics in the following areas:
- Definition
Concepts and representations of categories, classifications, and instances of KPIs, including the procedures for their computation.
Usage and application
Guidelines on the use of KPIs at different levels within an organization, especially in their use for decision support.
Benefit
Descriptions of relationships between KPIs and other business indicators to show benefits (e.g. hard vs. soft, alignment to functional capability, alignment to role/title etc).
Collaboration
Alignment with other industry frameworks on KPI, such as, MESA, WERC, SCOR, APICS and similar organizations to minimize overlap and duplication of effort.

The standard will have the following parts:
Part 1: Overview, concepts and terminology
Part 2: Definitions and descriptions of key performance indicators
Part 3: Templates and categories of KPIs
Part 4: Exchange and use of KPIs

ISO/IEC 38500:2008 provides guiding principles for directors of organizations (including owners, board members, directors, partners, senior executives, or similar) on the effective, efficient, and acceptable use of Information Technology (IT) within their organizations.

ISO/IEC 38500:2008 applies to the governance of management processes (and decisions) relating to the information and communication services used by an organization. These processes could be controlled by IT specialists within the organization or external service providers, or by business units within the organization.

It also provides guidance to those advising, informing, or assisting directors.

They include:

senior managers;
members of groups monitoring the resources within the organization;
external business or technical specialists, such as legal or accounting specialists, retail associations, or professional bodies;
vendors of hardware, software, communications and other IT products;
internal and external service providers (including consultants);
IT auditors.

Customers

A2I
ACTEMIUM
ADP
AEI
AGRANA
AIR LIQUIDE
AKTEHOM
ALSTHOM
APPLEXION
APRISO
APV-INVENSYS
ARC-INFORMATIQUE
AREVA TA, NC, FBFC
ASPEN TECH
ATOS ORIGIN
AVIN OIL
AXENS
BAXTER
BAYER
BEAI
BIC
BNIC
BP
Bristol Myers Squibb
BRITISH AIRWAYS
BUHLER MIAG
CEA
CEGELEC
CETIM
CHEVRON
Chipita International
CIRA-CONCEPT
COGESAL-MIKO
COKA COLA
COMATELEC
CONCISE MANAGEMENT
COURBON
CRP Henri Tudor
DUPONT
EDF
ELAN SOFTWARE
EMKA
ERELIA
EURIWARE
EVALI
EXXON MOBIL
FAGE
FLEURY MICHON
GDF
GDF Suez
GOODYEAR
GROUPE LAFARGE
GSKBio
Haute Ecole Léonard de Vinci-ECAM
HD TECHNOLOGY
HEINEKEN
Hellenic Petroleum
HIMA
HONEYWELL GERDS
ICOTEM
IDBS
ILSYS
INCOTEC
INFOTEAM
INFOVISION
IPEDEX
JOHNSON & JOHNSON
KLM
KNAUF SAS
KNORR
L'Oréal
LACTALIS
Le Gouessant
LILLY
LOGICACMG
MASSELIN OCEANE
MASTERFOOD-ISI
MICHELIN
MILLIPORE
MSD
NESTLE
NEXANS
OET
ORDINAL
PERTINENCE
PETZETAKIS
PFIZER
PRINCEPS
Public Power Corporation
QUASAR SOLUTIONS
REMINEX
RENAULT
RHODIA
ROCKWELL AUTOMATION
ROHM & HAAS
SAINT LOUIS SUCRE
SANOFI AVENTIS
SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC
SIEMENS
SILICOMP MANAGEMENT
SOFREGAZ
SOLVAY
SPC-CONSULTANT
ST GOBAIN
SUPELEC Rennes
SYDEL
TECHNIP
TETRA PAK PROCESSING
TEXACO
TINEA
TITAN CEMENT
UCB-PHARMA
UNILEVER
UNILOG
UNIV. DE TECHNOLOGIE Troyes
VEOLIA
WONDERWARE
WRIGLEY
YOKOGAWA
YTONG